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Practical guide on combating the crime of trafficking in persons


In 2005, Lebanon joined the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (CTOC), the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air supplementing it and the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children attached to the Convention.

In 2002, Lebanon had ratified the Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography attached to the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

On August 24th, 2011, the Law No 164/2011 on the “Punishment for the crime of Trafficking in persons” was passed (and published in the Official Gazette on September 1st, 2011), as a first step in the path of fighting the human trafficking phenomenon.


At the initiative of the Human Rights Institute of the Beirut Bar Association and the Division of Diakonia and Social Justice in the Middle East Churches Council, and as a result of the National Conference on “Human Trafficking Crime: from legislation to implementation”, held on June 14-15, 2012 at the Lawyer’s House, a general strategy was developed to combat the crime of trafficking in persons.

This strategy included the four following axes:
1- Prevention
2- Pursuit, investigation procedures and punishment
3- Assistance and protection of the victim
4- Continuous monitoring, follow-up

This practical guide has been issued as a first executive step of the general strategy in its first axis.


1- Increase awareness and disseminate knowledge of the human trafficking concept as well as the cases in which it takes place.

2- Promote the anti-human trafficking culture.

3- Develop the sense of responsibility of each individual in the society, in order to contribute to the process of combating the human trafficking phenomenon.


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